Accelerator Test Facility and Synchrotron Radiation Source at KIT

Fibrous Morphology in Biology and Architecture

  • place:

    new ANKA seminar room, building 348, upper floor

  • Date:

    10.11.2014

  • Inviting person:

    Thomas van de Kamp, KIT-IPS

  • Speaker:

    Moritz Dörstelmann

  • Time:

    14:00

  • Affiliation:

    Institute for Computational Design, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Universität Stuttgart, Germany

abstract

  • Natural structures achieve a higher level of functional integration and material efficiency as it is currently the case in architectural building systems. Their performance is based on complex geometry and differentiated material organizations. Natural morphogenesis facilitates the development of shape under the influence of multiple external and internal stimuli resulting in highly adapted performative morphologies. The prevailing materials which ensure the structural capacity and material efficiency of these natural constructions are fiber composites, as they allow a gradual differentiation of structural properties through anisotropic fiber arrangements.

    The transfer of such performative capacities into architectural applications is shown on the example of the ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2013-14. In an interdisciplinary development process the underlying functional principles of beetle elytra were investigated and abstracted with the help of Micro-CT-Scans and transferred into a full scale architectural prototype through the development of suitable computational design and novel robotic fabrication methods for fiber composite structures.