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ANKA-FLUO - X-ray fluorescence beamline situated at bending magnet port of the ANKA storage ring

Scientific applications

  • Environmental samples (e.g. toxic element bearing phases)
  • Environmental micro particle(e.g. dust particles stemming from accidents, aerosols, meteor impact ejecta)
  • Material research (contaminations in pure materials or homogeneity of thin films)
  • Art and Archaeometry (precious samples, old prints and paintings)
  • Biology: Organs of insects and small animals

MethodsSynchrotron X-Ray Fluorescence Microprobe (SR-µXRF):

  • X-ray Multielemental analysis technique on microscopically small area on sample surface or small volume element in the bulk.
  • Trace element detection at sub-ppm level (i.e. ~10ng/g for Sr in organic matrix)
  • Two dimensional mapping of the sample with µm resolution
  • Three dimensional information with confocal detector geometry or X-ray fluorescence computer tomography
  • Completely non-destructive

Total reflection x-ray fluorescence

  • surface-sensitive (grazing incindence)
  • analyzes trace impurities on the surface of flat samples (e.g. silicon wafers)
  • analyzes very small sample masses employed on a polished substrate.
  • probing depth variable from the sub nm to the µm range.
  • Minimum detection limit 108 atoms/cm2

Confocal X-Ray Fluorescence Microprobe:

  • three dimensional elemental distribution on a micrometer scale
  • elemental maps at different depth levels below the surface with a depth resolution of about 10-20μm
1 additional person visible within KIT only.

Layout FLUO beamline

Fluo Aufbau

Experimental station for XRF with Ionisation chamber and evacuable sample chamber (right)

XRF set-up with large sample (handcoloured manuscript)

Micro-XRF setup (confocal) 

Energy range
1.5 keV - 33 keV
Energy resolution [ΔE/E]
2x10-2 or white light
1.5 T Bending magnet (Ec = 6 keV)
Double multilayer monochromator (W-Si multilayers in  2.7nm period)
Focusing optics: x-ray lenses(CRL), Polycapillaries
Flux at sample position
Poly-capillary: 1 x1011 ph/s @17 keV (12μm x 12μm)
CRL: 2x109 ph/s @ 17 keV (5µm x 2µm)
Beam size at sample
5 mm (Hor) x 2 mm (Ver) down to 2 µm x 1 µm
Sample environment
Vacuum (10-2mbar, inert gas, air)
Experimental setup / detector
1 Ionisation chamber, 2 PIN-Diodes for monotoring
 Type Area [mm] Resolution [keV] Count Rate [kcp/s]
 Si(Li) *)  30  133  2
 HPGe **)  50  129  5
 SiMCD***)  50  142  30

*)  Si(Li) -energy dispersive detector produced by Oxford Instruments
**)  HPGe- High Purity Germanium detector produced by  Princeton Gamma- Tech (PGT)
***) SiMCD- Vortex Silicon Multicathode Detector
Software / Data treatment
SPEC, AXIL, Spectran, MC-simulation (MSIM), newplot, PyMca


Up-to date publication list at “Mendeley”

Publications involving research at ANKA-FLUO Beamline is a group in Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Physics on Mendeley.

ANKA-FLUO - X-ray fluorescence beamline situated at bending magnet port of the ANKA storage ring

General information on the FLUO-Beamline:

Simon, R., Buth, G., & Hagelstein, M.
2003, "The X-ray fluorescence facility at ANKA, Karlsruhe: Minimum detection limits and micro probe capabilities", Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B:
Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, vol. 199, pp. 554-558.



  • Neumann, T., Kramar, U., Scholz, F., Ostermaier, M., Rausch, N., & Berner, Z.
    2008, "Arsenic in framboidal pyrite from estuarine sediments of the Achterwasser lagoon, SW Baltic Sea", Sedimentology, vol. in press.
  • Zoeger, N., Streli, C., Wobrauscheck, P., Jokubonis, C., Pepponi, G., Roschger, P., Hofstaetter, J., Berzelanovich, A., Wegrzynek, D., Chinea-Cano, E., Markowicz, A., Simon, R., & Falkenberg, G.
    2008, "Determination of the elemental distribution in human joint bones by SR micro XRF", X-Ray Spectrometry, vol. 37, pp. 3-11.
  • Denecke, M. A., Somogyi, A., Janssens, K., Simon, R., Dardenne, K., & Noseck, U.
    2007, "Microanalysis (micro-XRF, micro-XANES, and micro-XRD) of a tertiary sediment using microfocused synchrotron radiation",
    Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 13, pp. 165-172.
  • Faubel, W., Staub, S., Simon, R., Heißler, S., Nüesch, R., Pataki, A., & Banik, G.
    2007, "Non-destructive analysis for the investigation of decomposition phenomena of historical manuscripts and prints",
    Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, vol. 62, pp. 669-676.
  • Guo, H., Stüben, D., Berner, Z. A., & Kramar, U.
    2007, "Adsorption of arsenic species from water using activated siderite-hematite column filters",
    Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 151, pp. 628-635.
  • Guo, H., Stüben, D., Berner, Z. A.
    2007, " Removal of arsenic from aqueous solution by natural siderite nad hematite”,
    App. Geochemestry, vol. 22, p. 1039
  • Neumann, T., Scholz, F., Kramar, U., Simon, R., & Mangold, S.
    2007, "Distribution and redox status of Arsenic in framboidal pyrite from estuarine sediments",
    Geochemica et Cosmochemica Acta, vol. 71, p. A519.


  • Kramar, U., Norra, S., Berner, Z. A., & Stüben, D.
    2007, "Adsorption of As in rice paddy soils of West Bengal",
    Geochemica et Cosmochemica Acta p. A519.
  • Reiche, I., Berger, A., Duval, A., Guicharnaud, H., Merchel, S., Radtke, M., Schäfer, D., & Simon, R.
    2007, "SY-XRF study of Hans Baldung Grien silverpoint drawings and the silver stylus from the Karlsruhe sketchbook",
    X-Ray Spectrometry, vol. 36, pp. 173-177. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2006.03.159
  • Jernström, J., Eriksson, M., Simon, R., Tamborini, G., Bildstein, O., Marquez, R. C., Kehl, S. R., Hamilton, T. F., Ranebo, Y., & Betti, M.
    2006, "Characterization and source term assessments of radioactive particles from Marshall Islands using non-destructive analytical techniques", Spectrochimica Acta Part B:
    Atomic Spectroscopy, vol. 61, pp. 971-979 doi:10.1016/j.sab.2006.09.002
  • Eriksson, M., Osán, J., Jernström, J., Wegrzynek, D., Simon, R., Chinea-Cano, E., Markowicz, A., Bamford, S., Tamborini, G., Török, S., Falkenberg, G., Alsecz, A., Dahlgaard, H., Wobrauscheck, P., Streli, C., Zoeger, N., & Betti, M.
    2005, "Source term identification of environmental radioactive Pu/U particles by their characterisation with non-destructive spectrochemical analytical techniques",
    Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, vol. 60, pp. 455-469.
  • Norra, S., Berner, Z. A., Agarwala, P., Wagner, F., & Stüben, D.
    2005, "Impact of irrigation with As rich groundwater on soil and crops: A geochemical case study in West Bengal Delta Plain, India ",
    Applied Geochemistry, vol. 20, pp. 1890-1906.
  • Jernström, J., Betti, M., Alsecz, A., Falkenberg, G., Simon, R., Torok, S., Tamborini, G., Osán, J., & Eriksson, M.
    2004, "Non-Destructive Characterization of Low Radioactive Particles from Irish Sea Sediment by Micro X-ray Synchrotron Radiation Techniques: Micro X-Ray Fluorescence (µ-XRF) and Micro X-Ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (µ-XANES) Spectroscopy",
    Journal of Analytic Atomic Spectrometry, vol. 19, pp. 1428-1433.
  • Neumann, T., Rausch, N., Berner, Z. A., Kramar, U., & Simon, R.
    2004, "Pyritisierung von Schwermetallen im Oderästuar",
    European Journal of Mineralogy, vol. 16, p. 97.
  • Wegrzynek, D., Markowicz, A., Bamford, S., Chinea-Cano, E., Bielewski, M., Wobrauscheck, P., Streli, C., Zoeger, N., Betti, M., Eriksson, M., & Simon, R.
    2005, "Micro-beam X-ray absorption and fluorescence measurement with synchrotron radiation- preliminary results",
    IAEA - XRF Newsletter, vol. 9, pp. 3-7.